Unlike the previous two chapters so alike from first draft to final, this one has many changes.
Gandalf makes special note of Frodo and Sam at the feast following Theoden’s funeral. The wizard does not want anyone to forget them or their bravery without which all else would have come to naught. “And the bards and the minstrels should give them new names: Bronwe athan Harthad and Harthad Uluithiad, Endurance beyond Hope and Hope unquenchable” (Sauron Defeated 62). Sam does not think these names suit because they are so fancy and unpronounceable. I love them though because they describe them perfectly.
Other changes from the published version include no mention of Treebeard’s release of Saruman. The way Aragorn parts with Galadriel and Celeborn is different, as are the gifts Bilbo gives to the hobbits upon their return to Rivendell. Elrond’s words to Frodo to look for Bilbo later in the Shire are heard by others as well, but they do not understand what he means. Saruman’s response to Merry’s generous offer of pipeweed as they meet the corrupt wizard on their way home is much different. There is also no mention of the fallen Maia coming to the Shire. After a long struggle, Tolkien discovers Arwen’s name in the second draft. The two mighty gifts she gives to Frodo receive their first mention here also, though not yet in their final form.
Art: Saruman is Overtaken by Ted Nasmith